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Romania Communications


Romania has rapidly improving domestic and international services, especially in wireless telephony. The domestic network offers good, modern services in urban areas; 98% of telephone network is automatic while 71% is digitised; trunk network is mostly fiber-optic cable and radio relay; about 80% of exchange capacity is digital. Roughly 3,300 villages have outdated or no service.

There were 5.036 million main line telephone subscribers in 2007 and a 2008 report includes an additional 24.467 million mobile cellular phones in use. The telephone system was one of the worst in Europe, with a penetration level of only around 14% – as low as 3 to 4% in some areas. In 1997, the country announced plans to begin privatising the state telecommunications company, Rom Telecom.

As of 2006, there were 698 radio broadcasting stations. In 1997, there were 130 television stations. In 2000 there were 334 radios and 381 television sets for every 1,000 people.

The same year there were only about 31 personal computers in use for every 1,000 people. There were 6.132 million internet users in 2008.


Telephones - main lines in use :
5.036 million (2007)

Telephones - mobile cellular :
24.467 million (2008)

Telephone system :
general assessment: the telecommunications sector is being expanded and modernised; domestic and international service improving rapidly, especially mobile-cellular services
domestic: more than 90% of telephone network is automatic; fixed-line teledensity exceeds 20 telephones per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity, expanding rapidly, roughly 110 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 40; the Black Sea Fibre Optic System provides connectivity to Bulgaria and Turkey; satellite earth stations - 10; digital, international, direct-dial exchanges operate in Bucharest (2008)

Radio broadcast stations :
698 (station frequency type NA) (2006)

Television broadcast stations :
623 (plus 200 repeaters) (2006)

Internet country code :

Internet hosts :
2.188 million (2009)

Internet users :
6.132 million (2008)




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