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Romania Healthcare

Healthcare in Romania is generally poor by European standards, and access is limited in certain rural areas. In 2001 health expenditures were equal to 6.5% of gross domestic product. In 2005 there were 1.9 physicians and 7.4 hospital beds per 1,000 people. The state-owned healthcare system was a target of the campaign to decentralise state services that President Traian Băsescu began in 2006. The system has been funded by the National Healthcare Insurance Fund, to which employers and employees make mandatory contributions. Private health insurance has developed slowly. Because of low public funding, about 36% of the population’s healthcare spending is out-of-pocket. Bribes frequently are paid to gain improved treatment.

Colţea Hospital, in Bucharest, was built by Mihai Cantacuzino between 1701 and 1703, composed of many buildings, each with 12 to 30 beds, a church, three chapels, a school, and doctors' and teachers' houses.
Pantelimon Hospital was raised in 1733 by Grigore II Ghica. The surface area of the Pantelimon Hospital land property was 4,000,000 m². The hospital had in its inventory a house for infectious diseases and a house for persons with disabilities.

St. Spiridon Hospital, in Iaşi, opened in 1755, described in a document from 1757 as the largest in Moldavia and Wallachia, is nowadays the second largest in Romania.

Filantropia Hospital had a capacity of 70 beds and was built in 1806-1812, during the Russian occupation.
From 1830 onwards, the health system in Romania was centralised. The name of the organisation was Civil Hospitals Eforia.

By tradition, the access of the poor or the disavantaged to the Romanian healthcare system was free. In 1830 the Brâncoveanu Hospital was inaugurated.

The most common causes of death are cardiovascular disease and cancer. Communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, syphilis, and viral hepatitis are more common than elsewhere in Europe. The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is less than 0.1%. However, high rates of venereal disease, lack of education about HIV prevention, and increasing intravenous drug use are factors that could increase the rate substantially in the future. The number of paediatric AIDS cases is one of the highest in Europe because of unsafe blood transfusion and inoculation procedures for young children in hospitals and clinics in the last years of the communist era. In 2006 an estimated 7,200 Romanians below age 20 had been infected in this way.




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