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Romania Military


The Romanian Armed Forces (Forţele Armate Române or Armata Română) consist of Land, Air, and Naval Forces, and are led by a Commander-in-Chief who is managed by the Ministry of Defence. The president is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces during wartime.

Total defence spending currently accounts for 2.05% of total national GDP, which represents approximately $2.9 billion. However, the Romanian Armed Forces will spend about $11 billion in the next five years on modernisation and acquirement of new equipment.

The Land Forces have overhauled their equipment in recent years, and are today a modern army with multiple NATO capabilities. They are participating in a peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan, together with the other NATO countries. At its peak, the Romanian contingent in Iraq numbered 730 soldiers. Romania terminated its mission in Iraq and withdrew its last troops on July 24, 2009.


Military branches :
Land Forces, Naval Forces, Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR), Special Operations (2009)

Military service age and obligation :
18-35 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; conscription officially ended October 2006; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service, with subsequent successive contracts for 3-year terms until age 36 (2009)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 5,682,299
females age 16-49: 5,557,098 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 4,542,720
females age 16-49: 4,604,484 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 124,356
female: 118,430 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures :
1.9% of GDP (2007 est.)




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