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Romania Transportations


Romania is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Romania's railroad network extends for 10,788 km, of which 3,888 km are electrified. There were 198,817 km of roads at the end of 2004, of which 60,043 km were paved, including 228 km of expressways. In 2000, there were 3,128,782 passenger cars and 496,743 commercial vehicles in use.

Only the Danube and, to a lesser extent, the Prut rivers are suitable for inland navigation, which accounts for only about 1% of the total freight traffic. The main Danube ports include Galati, Braila, and Giurgiu. At Giurgiu, on the main transportation line between Romania and Bulgaria, a road-and-rail bridge was completed in 1954, replacing the former Danube ferry to Ruse, Bulgaria. A major project, the Danube-Black Sea Canal, designed to bypass the shallow, silted arms of the Danube Delta, was started in 1949 but abandoned in 1953; it was revived in the early 1980s and opened in 1984. The canal is 64 km long and connects Cernavoda with Constanta. The Romanian merchant fleet consisting of 17 vessels in 2008, was based in Constanta, the nation's chief Black Sea port.

Romanian airports totalled 53 in 2009, of which 25 had paved runways. Otopeni International Airport, near Bucharest, was opened in 1970 and remains the nation's principal international air terminal. Baneasa Airport, also near Bucharest, handles local traffic. Other important airports include M. Kogalniceanu at Constanta and Giarmata at Timisoara. Romanian Air Transport (Transporturile Aeriene Române - TAROM) and Romanian Air Lines (Liniile Aeriene Române - LAR) are the primary air carriers. In 2001, 1,134,600 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.


Airports :
53 (2009)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 25
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 11 (2009)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 28
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 21 (2009)

Heliports :
2 (2009)

Pipelines :
gas 3,588 km; oil 2,424 km (2009)

Railways :
total: 10,788 km
broad gauge: 57 km 1.524-m gauge
standard gauge: 10,731 km 1.435-m gauge (3,965 km electrified) (2008)

Roadways :
total: 198,817 km
paved: 60,043 km (includes 228 km of expressways)
unpaved: 138,774 km (2004)

Waterways :
1,731 km
note: includes 1,075 km on Danube River, 524 km on secondary branches, and 132 km on canals (2006)

Merchant marine
total: 17
by type: cargo 11, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1
registered in other countries: 49 (Cambodia 1, Georgia 16, North Korea 4, Liberia 2, Malta 8, Marshall Islands 1, Moldova 3, Panama 7, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Sierra Leone 3, Syria 2) (2008)

Ports and terminals
Braila, Constanta, Galati, Tulcea




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